By Claes G. Ryn
a very good problem of the twenty-first century is the risk of clash among people, peoples, and cultures, between and inside societies. In a standard Human flooring, Claes Ryn explores the character of this challenge and units forth a idea approximately what's precious for peaceable family members to be attainable. Many within the Western global belief in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” “scientific progress,” or “general enlightenment” to deal with this challenge. even supposing every one of those, thoroughly outlined, may well give a contribution towards assuaging disputes, Ryn argues that the matter is far extra complicated and critical than is mostly famous. He purposes that, so much essentially, strong family members between participants and international locations have ethical and cultural preconditions. What can predispose them to mutual recognize and peace? One Western philosophical culture, for which Plato set the trend, continues that the one method to real cohesion is for historic range to yield to universality. The implication of this view for a multicultural international will be a peace that calls for that cultural specialty be effaced so far as attainable and changed with a common tradition. a truly diverse Western philosophical culture denies the life of universality altogether. it's represented this day by way of postmodernist multiculturalism—a view that leaves unanswered the query as to how clash among various teams will be prevented. Ryn questions either one of those traditions, arguing for the capability union of universality and particularity. He contends that the 2 needn't be enemies, yet actually want one another. Cultivating person and nationwide particularities is possibly appropriate with strengthening and enriching our universal humanity. This quantity embraces the inspiration of universality, whereas while historicizing it. utilizing wide-ranging examples, Ryn provides a firmly sustained and systematic argument centering in this significant factor. His technique is interdisciplinary, discussing not just political principles, but in addition fiction, drama, and different arts. Scholarly and philosophical, yet no longer really expert, this publication will attract basic readers in addition to intellectuals.
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Additional resources for A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World
For a critique of Babbitt’s ﬂawed understanding of reason and for an in-depth explication of the philosophical rationality that Babbitt (like most other thinkers of the twentieth century) neglects, see Ryn, Will, Imagination and Reason, esp. chs. 4–7. 42 A Common Human Ground Whatever the disagreements between East and West in these matters, the traditional cultures regard the higher will in much the same way.
This view of human nature is common to a large number of traditional philosophies, ethical systems, and religions, ranging from ancient Greek and Roman philosophy and Christianity to Suﬁ philosophy, Hinduism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Islam. The obstacles to realizing the values of goodness, truth, and beauty and to achieving peaceful relations among individuals and groups are ubiquitous. Historical and social circumstances may aggravate the problem, but its most fundamental cause is that human beings tend to shrink from the necessary effort, prone as they are to less-commendable desires.
Babbitt often calls it A Common Ethical Center 41 the “inner check” to indicate that in a crucial respect it is a restraint upon impulse. 3 One reason for Babbitt’s interest in Buddhism is that it seems to him a corrective to a tendency in Western Christianity to become overly dogmatic and metaphysical. Buddhism places less stress on ratiocination than it does on the need to act to change self. Being right on doctrine is for Buddhism less important than acting rightly. ” Babbitt reprimands Westerners who simply assume their superiority over Easterners in moral and religious matters.