By Daphne Kerremans
This ebook provides the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization strategy of English neologisms within the on-line speech neighborhood. The research solutions the longstanding query of the way and why a few neologisms develop into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive study and supplementations the prevailing theories with novel data-driven insights. For this goal a webcrawler was once built, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into account from the net in per 30 days periods. The e-book exhibits that different classes conventionalization strategies could take consequence from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced elements and components facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.
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Extra resources for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms
Since this neutral context was insufficient to deduce the meaning of the new target, the total time spent in this region was shorter than in informative, supportive contexts. The participants moreover did not regress as often as in the informative context condition. Readers were thus aware that this information would not aid their meaning construction and did not pay closer attention. Chaffin et al. 2001: 234) conclude that readers (or hearers) are highly sensitive to the informativeness of context when they are confronted with novel formations, since they strongly rely on the contained clues to construct meaning online.
Being used by an increasing number of speakers, the meaning of the item will need to be understood by each hearer-reader and the neologism will need to leave a mental trace for subsequent retrieval from the lexicon in language production. In the following section I therefore introduce the most important findings from psycholinguistic studies regarding the interpretation, mental processing and storage of neologisms. 2. Cognitive-linguistic aspects of neologisms With regard to production, the coining process of novel lexemes seems clear45.
The distinction between neologism and nonce-formation is indeed important. As early as 1906 Henry W. and Francis G. Fowler, founders of the Concise Oxford English Dictionary (COED), were concerned with the use of neologisms in written English. com/2011/11/reports-of-the-death-of-the-cassette-tape-aregreatly-exaggerated/ 24 The first attestation of selfie dates from an Australian Internet forum in 2002, fulfilling the decade-principle. The word did however not gain general currency until the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century.