By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This booklet will conceal numerous subject matters to tricky how proteomics might give a contribution in our realizing of mechanisms eager about tension version. the data being amassed by way of quite a lot of proteomics applied sciences may possibly finally be used in breeding courses to augment tension tolerance. This booklet provides complete reports approximately responses of crop and livestock to environmental stresses. demanding situations relating to tension phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics info have additionally been addressed.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses
Root-speciﬁc expression of OsNAC10 resulted to enlarged roots, which led to enhanced drought tolerance of transgenic plants and signiﬁcant increase in grain yield under ﬁeld drought conditions . Root-speciﬁc promoters were used to overexpress OsNAC9 in transgenic rice and ﬁeld performance was evaluated; with the transgenic rice showing increased yield by 13–18 %. Altered root architecture was also observed, showing increased root diameter due to enlarged xylem and augmented cortical cell size .
Ligniﬁcation of the root cell walls which leads to reduction in root cell wall expansion is a common defense mechanism of plants to decrease further uptake of toxic HMs from the soil . A total of 27 Cu-binding proteins that are involved in antioxidant defense and detoxiﬁcation, pathogenesis, regulation of gene transcription, amino acid synthesis, protein synthesis, modiﬁcation, transport and degradation, cell wall synthesis, molecular signaling, and salt stress were found to be differentially expressed in a recent study on the root proteome responses of a Cu-tolerant and Cu-sensitive varieties of rice upon exposure to Cu .
Trinidad et al. Recent advancements in proteomic techniques paved ways to better explain the mechanism of stress and stress response in plants. The conventional two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) is still the most widely used method in resolving proteins and identifying stress-induced alterations in the plant proteome composition , but alternative gel-free procedures that are based on fractionation with liquid chromatography (LC) are also fast becoming popular .