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By Christina Hellmich

Due to the fact 11th of September, al-Qaeda has ruled American discussions of nationwide and foreign defense. but conflicting assumptions concerning the nature of the crowd and the results of bin Ladin's demise abound. instead of simply supplying one more biography of al-Qaeda, Christina Hellmich forensically examines the main authoritative assets on which the current knowing of al-Qaeda is based, studying the discrepancies among what's said and what can realistically be recognized. the result's a penetrating perception into a company that for all its notoriety is without doubt one of the least understood of our time.

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Gunaratna expands on this point: Although Osama and Azzam agreed on the principal issues of supporting Muslims who were persecuted … they disagreed on tactics. The tension between the two came to a head over a proposal by MAK’s Egyptian fighters to train the Mujahideen in terrorist techniques. 44 Indeed Azzam has categorically rejected any move that would spread discord, or fitna, among Muslims. 47 Subsequently Anas also accuses Zawahiri of running a smear campaign against Azzam to remove him and undermine his authority.

I had always believed that the first World Trade Center attack in 1993 … might have some larger organization behind it, perhaps led by someone like bin Laden. That hunch would turn out to be wrong. Bin Laden had nothing to do with the attack, but the Saudi exile did lead a global terrorist organization, as we would find out when we met with him in Afghanistan. 90 … Osama bin Laden arrived out of the darkness … he wasn’t the fire-breathing terrorist, he comported himself like a cleric. … Bin Laden was not going to answer questions about his family, his money or his personal story; he just wanted to get his political message out.

107 The ruling108 that followed states that it is the individual obligation of every believer to wage jihad against Americans – notably both military and civilian – until the land of the umma is liberated: The ruling to kill the Americans and their allies – civilians and military – is an individual duty of every Muslim who can do it in any country in which it is possible to do it. 109 The content of the 1998 fatwa represents a significant ideological and theological leap from Osama bin Ladin’s previous edicts.

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