By By (author) Kingshuk Chatterjee
This e-book tells the tale of the way Shari'ati built a language of political Islam, conversing in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its declare to legitimacy.
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Additional info for ‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran
Yet, they failed to criticize the regime, partly because of repression and partly because they valued modernization of the nation almost as much as democratization of the polity. ”40 A far larger segment among the mashruteh-khwahis who opposed Pahlavi hailed from the traditional middle class of the bazaars. Some of 32 ‘ALI SHARI’ATI AND POLITICAL ISLAM IN IRAN these individuals did not favor the western democratic model, but they generally preferred to have the ruler’s authority subject to some sort of popular control.
42 The landed and bazaar elements were, moreover, directly affected by the Shah’s economic reforms—that is, appropriation of landed property and its distribution between the Shah and his cronies, dismantling of age-old guilds of the bazaar, and support for modern industry over traditional manufacture. ” They were not opposed to “modernization” of the state structure. Their objection was against blind emulation of the west. 43 Probably the staunchest critics of the Pahlavi regime were the younger generation of western educated Iranians who came into public life after the Mashruteh revolution.
There is yet another area of concern while handling Shari’ati. Being a demagogue who believed in direct communication with his audience, Shari’ati presented his ideas almost entirely through around 100 public lectures in a period of six years. At present, of the 37 volumes of his works collected posthumously, except for some major works and a few handwritten pieces, the overwhelming majority of his ideas are to found as transcription of his lecture tapes or class notes of his students made available for publication.