By R. Jankowski
Contributors have little incentive to vote, collect political info or give a contribution crusade money, simply because their vote has little or no likelihood of affecting the result of an election. Jankowski deals an evidence and proof for political participation in accordance with the truth that most people are weakly altruistic.
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Extra info for Altruism and Self-Interest in Democracies: Individual Participation in Government
6 percent support level. 6 percent of the respondents. These survey questions try to ascertain the respondents’ altruistic values. They do not measure respondents’ altruistic behavior, or empathy. Another study, discussed here, has tested the altruism hypothesis using behavioral measures of altruism. For altruism to be a factor affecting turnout, it must be the case that both groups of voters in the formal analysis, Democratic and Republican, be altruistic. 1 presents the percentage support of Strong and Weak, Democrats and Republicans, who strongly agree with humanitarianism questions #1 through #4.
Any private information possessed by one or some actors, but not common information to all players, creates the problem of incomplete information. Hence, we must be careful in specifying what is (are) the source(s) of incomplete information. In the case of voting, there are several possible reasons for incomplete information. To simplify the analysis, I follow Myerson (1998) in making population uncertainty the sole source of incomplete information, and I assume that the population uncertainty takes a Poisson distribution.
Q#2 (VAR 952237) The dignity and well-being of all should be the most important concerns in any society. Q#3 (VAR 952238) One of the problems of today’s society is that people are often not kind enough to others. Q#4 (VAR 952239) All people who are unable to provide for their own needs should be helped by others. 1 “AGREE STRONGLY” 2 “AGREE SOMEWHAT” 3 “NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE” 4 “DISAGREE SOMEWHAT” 5 “DISAGREE STRONGLY” CH A P T E R T H RE E Why Become Politically Informed? Downs (1957) shows that it is not in the rational, self-interest of citizens to vote, or be politically informed, nor participate in the political process, more generally.