By Christina Boswell
Ecu migration regulations are present process major alterations. After 3 many years of hugely restrictive ways, demographic alterations and gaps in labour provide are prompting many eu governments to liberalize their migration guidelines.
- Timely booklet interpreting the character and effect of the altering migration guidelines in France, Germany and the UK.
- Analyses the content material of recent laws, in addition to the coverage debate and occasion political therapy of migration matters in each one country.
- Considers the consequences of the hot regulations on different different types of migrants: asylum seekers, refugees and resident ethnic minorities.
Read Online or Download European Migration Policies in Flux: Changing Patterns of Inclusion and Exclusion (Chatham House Papers) PDF
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Additional info for European Migration Policies in Flux: Changing Patterns of Inclusion and Exclusion (Chatham House Papers)
Italian politics continued to be relatively inactive in the area of migration control until the 1990s. One explanation for this was a generally tolerant public attitude towards irregular migration and employment. The residence and employment of immigrants was by and large not seen as threatening the jobs of nationals or imposing welfare costs (see Chapter 3). Moreover, the two main parties of government, as well as the social partners (trade unions and employer groups), NGOs and the Catholic Church were all keen to promote a moderate, non-racist stance.
Legal routes as a mechanism of migration control A fourth prominent argument for more liberal policies is based on the assumption that expanded legal possibilities for labour migration will diminish the level of illegal migration. This argument recognizes that there is a demand for low-skilled immigrant labour in west European states which acts as a ‘pull’ factor for potential migrants. Where there are no, or only limited, possibilities for filling low-skill vacancies through legal routes, people arrive illegally instead, many using trafficking or smuggling networks, and reside and work clandestinely in EU states.
The arguments for liberalizing migration rules have powerful backing from business, as well as from the public service sector in some countries. They are also supported by economists and many liberal, centre and centre-left parties committed to economic liberalization. The second part of the chapter addresses how these arguments and interests have influenced migration policies. In any case, support from elites does not guarantee that such policies are politically acceptable or sustainable within west European states.