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By Roger Woods

Embracing a few of Germany's top recognized writers, teachers, reporters and philosophers, the Conservative Revolution within the Weimar Republic was once the highbrow forefront of the correct. by way of forthcoming the Conservative Revolution as an highbrow flow, this research sheds gentle at the evolution of its principles at the which means of global warfare I, its appropriation of the paintings of Friedrich Nietzsche, its enthusiasm for political activism and a powerful chief, and its ambiguous dating with nationwide Socialism.

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The Conservative Revolution in the Wiemar Republic

Embracing a few of Germany's top identified writers, teachers, reporters and philosophers, the Conservative Revolution within the Weimar Republic was once the highbrow leading edge of the fitting. through imminent the Conservative Revolution as an highbrow move, this examine sheds gentle at the evolution of its principles at the that means of global conflict I, its appropriation of the paintings of Friedrich Nietzsche, its enthusiasm for political activism and a powerful chief, and its ambiguous courting with nationwide Socialism.

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178). Moeller's Nietzsche is furthermore the advocate of an anti-democratic, aristocratic order, the 'enemy of everything that was of the masses and not built on order, rank and hierarchy' (p. 175). For Moeller, the rule of mediocrity attacked by Nietzsche had taken on its German form in the Weimar Republic (p. 173). Moeller argues that the ways of Western liberalism are not for Germany (pp. 114-15), and he locates Nietzsche in the 38 The Conservative Revolution in the Weimar Republic mainstream of a German alternative tradition.

Ernst Jiinger makes the connection between German, Germanic, military prowess and Nietzsche in his accounts of German offensives in the First World War: Oh, only now do we sense our true strength and feel in top form! We appeared here like the War-God himself, as Germans occasionally appear in the course of history, with that Germanic rage which cannot be resisted. Over there [on the English side] they hate us. 30 Friedrich Hielscher sets out to disprove interpretations of Nietzsche's anti-German attitudes and associates him with all the features of nationalism about which Nietzsche had so many reservations.

42 Not only does war shatter any belief in rational progress, it also uses the tools of rationalism to increase its power. In this particular case Jiinger is referring to modern technology, traditionally thought of as a means of achieving mastery over nature, but now seen as equally capable of becoming the servant of man's primitive drives. Jiinger describes civilised man's dormant animal being as follows: It is true that increased refinement has purified and enriched him [the individual], but the animal still lies dormant in the depths of his being.

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